Carl-Fredrik Geust

Taran-lentoja suihkukoneilla

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Taran-lentäjien sankaripalvonta jatkuu edelleen Venäjällä, ja ainakin seuraavista suihkukoneilla suoritetuista taran-lennoista on kerrottu:

- Serafin Subbotin (176 GIAP) pudotti MiG-15bis koneellaan Korean sodassa 18.6.1951 F-86 Sabre-hävittäjän, selvisi itse hengissä ja nimitettiin N-liiton Sankariksi 10.10.1951

- kapt Gennadij Jelisejev (Kaukasian PVO-ilmapuolustusalue) pudotti MiG-21 koneellaan "vieraan tiedustelukoneen" 28.11.1973, sai itse surmansa. N-liiton Sankarinimitys 14.12.1973.

- kapt Valentin Kuljagin (myös Kaukasian ilmapuolustusalue) pudotti Su-15M koneellaan "DC-6A" kuljetus/tiedustelukoneen 18.7.1981. Mahdollisesta sankarinimityksestä ei tietoa.

Tiettävästi oli 1.5.1960 PVO-ilmapuolustusalueiden hävittäjälentäjille annettu käsky pudottaa Gary Powersin U-2 tiedustelukone taran-hyökkäyksellä, mutta silloiset hävittäjät eivät pystyneet nousemaan U-2 koneen lentokorkeuteen!

Tämän päivän ns. tunnistuslennot eivät näin ollen  ole aivan vaarattomia... 



Muokattu: , käyttäjä: Carl-Fredrik Geust
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Suosittelen seuraavaa tietokantaa "Intrusions, Overflights, Shootdowns and Defections During the Cold War and Thereafter" (Last revised: June 3rd 2020):

Yllä mainituista suihkukone-taran-lennoista on seuraavat tiedot:

- 28 November 1973 Soviet MiG-21SM Fishbed pilot Gennadii N. Eliseev intercepted an Imperial Iranian Air Force RF-4E Phantom II in Soviet airspace. After an unsuccessful attempt at firing a AA-2 Atoll missile at the Phantom, Eliseev destroyed the Phantom by ramming it. The Phantom's crew of IIAF pilot Major Shokouhnia and USAF backseater Saunders parachuted to safety and were captured by Soviet border guards. They were released 16 days later.

18 July 1981 A Soviet Su-15TM Flagon, flown by Valentin Kalyupin, rammed and destroyed a Canadair CL-44 (LV-JTN) belonging to the Argentine company Transportes Aereo Rioplatense over Soviet Armenia, thirty miles southeast of Yerevan, not far from the Iranian border. The CL-44 had just completed the third of twelve scheduled flights from Tel Aviv to Tehran via Larnaca, Cyprus, carrying the aircraft tires and other spares bought from Israeli arms dealers. Killed in the crash of the CL-44 were the pilot Hector Cordero, along with crew members Jose Burgueno, Hermete Boasso and Stuart McCafferty. Cordero, Burgeueno, and Boasso were Argentinians, while McCafferty was from the UK. The Soviet Su-15 pilot, Kalyuppin, parachuted to safety.

Tietokannassa on tällä hetkellä 68 A4-sivua, viimeinen tapaus ukrainalaisen 737-matkustajakoneen pudotus heti nousun jälkeen Teheranista 8.1.2020.

Mm. seuraavat tapaukset Suomen lähialueilla on mainittu (olen lisännyt myös Powersin U-2 joka pudotettiin 1.5.1960 ennenkuin se mahdollisesti ehti Lapin ilmatilaan matkalla Norjan Bodön tukikohtaan):

8 April 1950 Soviet La-11 Fangs, piloted by Boris Dokin, Anatoliy Gerasimov, Tezyaev, and Sataev shot down a US Navy PB4Y-2 Privateer (BuNo 59645) Turbulent Turtle of VP-26, Det A. Based from Port Lyautey, French Morrocco, the Privateer was on a patrol mission launched from Wiesbaden, West Germany. According the to the American account, this incident happened over the Baltic Sea off the coast of Lepija Latvia. The Soviets claimed the aircraft was intercepted over Latvia and fired on the Soviet fighters during the interception. After the fighters engaged the Privateer, the Soviets report that it descended sharply before crashing into the sea 5-10 kilometers off the coast. Wreckage was recovered, but the crew of John H. Fette, Howard W. Seeschaf, Robert D. Reynolds, Tommy L. Burgess, Frank L. Beckman, Joe H. Danens, Jack W. Thomas, Joesph Jay Bourassa, Edward J. Purcell and Joesph Norris Rinnier Jr. were missing and presumed killed.

13 June 1952 Soviet MiG-15 Fagot pilot Captain Boris Osinsky, of the 483rd Fighter Aviation Regiment, shot down a Swedish SIGINT C-47 (Tp79 79001 Hugin) piloted by Alvar Almeberg, over the Baltic, near Ventspils Latvia. Everybody on board the C-47 was killed - the only wreckage found at the time was a life raft. The C-47 was one of two, (the other being 79002 Munin, both named after Odin's ravens), together with a Ju 86 called Blondie, which supposedly belonged to the so called 6 Transportflyggruppen at F 8, which at that time had a staff of twelve. In reality they were used for SIGINT duties, the C-47s fitted out with five operator stations, the operators belonging to FRA (Försvarets Radioanstalt = the Radio Establishment of the Defense). In June 2003, Swedish searchers found the wreckage of the C-47 on the bottom of the Baltic in international waters near Gotska Sandoen island, about 120 kilometers (75 miles) east of the Swedish coastline. The wreckage was raised during the night of March 19/20 2004 and returned to Sweden.

- 16 June 1952 Soviet pilots N. Semernikov and I. Yatsenko-Kosenko shared in the downing of a Swedish PBY Catalina (Tp 47 47002) outside the island of Dagö. The PBY was looking for survivors of the Swedish SIGINT C-47 lost on June 13th. After taking hits in the fuselage and the engines the PBY was forced to land on the water with two of the crew of seven injured. The crew was rescued by a German merchant ship.

- 8 May 1954 Three US Air Force RB-47E Stratojet reconnaissance planes took off from RAF Fairford in England. Two of the Stratojets flew as airborne spares and turned back before the overflight began. The remaining plane, crewed by Hal Austin, Carl Holt and Vance Heavilin, penetrated Soviet airspace near Murmansk. The plane flew over numerous Soviet air fields and naval facilities conducting photographic reconnaissance and making radar scope images of the various facilities. The RB-47E continued to Arkhangelsk before turning west and heading back to England. The USAF plane was intercepted by MiG fighters after being over Soviet territory for about 50 miles. Initially, MiG-15 Fagots were spotted, but a short time later a flight of MiG-17 Frescos appeared. The operational deployment of the MiG-17 was a significant surprise to the crew of the RB-47. When the MiG-17s climbed to approximately the same altitude as the reconnaissance plane (38,000 feet) they opened fire. The Soviet fighters each made single shooting passes at the USAF plane. The RB-47 was equipped with a tail gun controlled by the copilot and returned fire but did not hit any of the Soviet planes. One MiG was able to hit the Stratojet with several rounds and caused moderate damage to the wing and fuselage. Before the MiGs were able to shoot down the USAF plane, it crossed the border into Finland and the MiGs broke off the attack. However, during the attack the RB-47's fuel tanks were hit and the plane nearly ran out of fuel before it was met by a Boeing KC-97 tanker for in-flight refueling. The RB-47E landed safely in England a short time later.

1 May 1960 A CIA Lockheed U-2C (Article 360, 56-6693), flown by Francis Gary Powers from Peshawar Pakistan, was shot down by an SA-2 Guideline missile, near Sverdlovsk, USSR. Recent evidence says that Powers was shot down by the first of three missiles fired by a battery commanded by Mikhail Voronov. A Soviet MiG-19 Farmer pilot, Sergei Safronov, was shot down and killed by another SA-2 Guideline fired later in the incident. Powers bailed out and parachuted to safety. He was then taken captive and later tried in a Soviet court. After serving some time in prison, he was released, in exchange for Soviet spy Rudolf Abel on February 10th, 1962 in Berlin.

- 1 July 1960 A US Air Force ERB-47H Stratojet (53-4281) of the 38th Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron, 55th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing, flying over the Barents Sea was downed by Soviet pilot Vasili Poliakov, flying a MiG-15 Fagot. Co-pilot Bruce Olmstead and navigator John McKone survived and were taken captive. The pilot, Bill Palm and ELINT operators Eugene Posa, Oscar Goforth and Dean Phillips were killed. Olmstead and McKone were released from Soviet captivity on January 25th, 1961. Bill Palm's remains were returned to the US on July 25, 1960. Eugene Posa's remains were recovered by the Soviets, but never returned to the US.

- 24 September 1962 A US Air Force RB-47H, piloted by John Drost, was intercepted over the Baltic Sea by a Soviet MiG-19 Farmer.

- 25 July 1976 A Finnish Cessna 150 Aerobat intruded into Soviet airspace. A Soviet Su-15TM Flagon was scrambled from Afrikanda airbase to intercept the Cessna. The Cessna then landed at the Soviet reserved airfield at Alakurtti, where the pilot refueled the aircraft using a spare can of fuel. After taking off, it headed eastwards. The Su-15 spotted the Cessna through a break in the clouds, but was unable to intercept it. Two more Su-15TMs and a MiG-15UTI were directed to intercept the Cessna, but were unable to find it. The Cessna flew on for another 190 miles before making a forced landing in the woods of the Karelian Penninsula. The aircraft flipped over on its back, but the pilot and his passenger managed to get out of the aircraft. They were apprehended by local residents.

- 20 April 1978 A Korean Air Lines Boeing 707-321B (HL-7429, flight 902) flew over Murmansk while on a Anchorage-Paris flight, due to a navigation error. A Soviet PVO Su-15TM Flagon from Afrikanda airbase, piloted by A. Bosov, intercepted it and fired an air-to-air missile at the airliner. The missile blew off part of the 707's wing and showered the fuselage with shrapnel, killing two passengers. The pilot of the 707, Captain Kim Chang Ky, reported that when he caught sight of' the Soviet interceptor he reduced speed, lowered his landing gear, and flashed his navigation lights on and off, all ICAO procedures signifying willingness to follow the Soviet interceptor. After his airliner was damaged, he descended through clouds to lower altitude and in doing so, he became separated from the Soviet interceptor. Three Yak-29P Fiddlers from Monchegorsk airbase, two MiG-25P Foxbats from Letneozyorsk airbase and four Su-15TM Flagons from Poduzhem'ye airbase were then scrambled to find the inturder. For more than an hour the airliner flew at an altitude of several thousand feet across the snow-covered terrain, seeking a safe landing place. The Soviets had no idea where he was. Several approaches to possible landing sites where aborted when obstructions were spotted at the last moment. Finally, after nightfall, the crew found a frozen lake bed, just west of Kem, and let down smoothly, skidding to a safe landing. Of the 97 passengers and 12 crew on board, two passengers were killed. After being detained by Soviet authorities for a short period, the crew and passengers were released.

- 9 August 1984 A Soviet fighter pursuing an Airbus 310 jetliner intruded thirty miles into Swedish airspace, at one point closing to within about a mile of the airliner, which was unaware of the fighter. Radio intercepts showed that the Su-15 Flagon fighter had armed and locked on its air-to-air missiles. The Soviets, on October 21, officially denied that any such thing had happened and claimed the jet was fifty miles from where the Swedish radars showed it.

-28 May 1987 West Germany 19-year old private pilot Mathias Rust flew a rented Cessna 172 Skyhawk (D-ECJB) from Helsinki, Finland to Moscow, and landed in Red Square. He wasn't shot down because the two Soviet interceptor pilots who were shadowing him were reluctant to open fire on the small plane. After serving 18 months in a Soviet prison, Rust was released. Soviet Air-defense commander Koldunov was removed from his position because of this incident.

- 13 September 1987 A Soviet Su-27P Flanker of the 941st IAP, flown by Vasiliy Tsymbal, intercepted a Lockheed P-3B Orion of the 333 squadron of the Royal Norwegian Air Force, flown by Jan Salvesen, over the Barents Sea. While maneuvering below the P-3B, the Su-27P collided with the outboard right propeller of the Orion. The impact shattered a fin tip of the Su-27P and caused fragments of the propeller to puncture the P-3B's fuselage, causing a decompression. Because of the damaged propeller, the Orion experienced severe vibrations and the outboard right engine was shut down. The aircraft disengaged and returned safely to their bases. Tsymbal was expelled from the Communist Party three days later, but was reinstated after a day. Shortly thereafter he was awarded the Order of the Red Star. The Orion's pilot emerged from the incident with no blemishes to his service record and the Soviet Union officially apologized to Norway.

- May 1988 Three days in a row, Norwegian pilot Andreas Sommers penetrated 2-3 km into Soviet airspace flying a Cessna 152. Soviet fighters were unable to intercept him before he returned to Norwegian airspace.

- 18 July 2014 A US Air Force RC-135V Rivet Joint was threatened by Russian fighter aircraft over the Baltic Sea and fled to the safety of Swedish air space.

- November 2014 A Portugese Air Force P-3C CUP+ Orion was intercepted by a Russian Su-27 Flanker in international air space over the Baltic Sea.

- 7 April 2015 A US Air Force RC-135U Combat Sent, was intercepted by a Russian Su-27 Flanker in international air space over the Baltic Sea.

- 14 April 2016 A Russian Su-27 Flanker performed a barrel roll around a US Air Force RC-135U Combat Sent, in international air space over the Baltic Sea.

29 April 2016 A Russian Su-27 Flanker performed a barrel roll around a US Air Force RC-135U Combat Sent, in international air space over the Baltic Sea.

- 6 June 2017 A US Air Force B-52H Stratofortress was intercepted by Russian Su-27 Flanker over the Baltic Sea.

- 21 June 2017 A US Air Force RC-135U Combat Sent was intercepted by a Russian Su-27 Flanker in international air space over the Baltic Sea.


Luettelosta puuttuu ainakin ruotsalaisen Karl-Göran Wickenberg´in yritys lennättää venäläisen Valentin Agapovin perheen Karjalan kannakselta Immolaan 31.3-1.4.1978 Piper Super Cub-koneella SE-GCL; ks.



t. Calle


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